Cities of Kazakhstan


Cities of Kazakhstan - Kostanay

Kostanay

Kostanay (Kazakh: ?останай / Qostanay), formerly known as Kustanay (Russian: Кустанай, until 1997) and Nikolayevsk (Russian: Николаевск, until 1895), is a city located in the northern part of Kazakhstan at the Tobol River. The population living in Kostanay is 223,600 people. Kostanay is the capital of Kostanay Province. Public institutions In Kostanay there are 8 higher educational …

Cities of Kazakhstan - Karagandy

Karagandy

Karagandy (Kazakh: ?ара?анды / Qara?and?), formerly known as Karaganda (Russian: Караганда, until 1993), is the capital of Karagandy Province in Kazakhstan. It is the fourth most populous city in Kazakhstan, behind Almaty, Astana and Shymkent, with a population of 446,200 (as of 1 January 2006).[1] In the 1940s up to 70% of the city's inhabitants were ethnic Germans. Most of the ethnic …

Cities of Kazakhstan - Atyrau

Atyrau

Atyrau (Kazakh: Атырау, At?raw,??????, pronounced [?t????w]; formerly known as Guryev (Russian: Гурьев, until 1991) is a city in Kazakhstan, and the capital of Atyrau Province. It is located 2700 kilometers west of Almaty and 350 kilometers east of the Russian city of Astrakhan. Other transliterations include Aterau, Atirau, Atyraw, Atyraou, At?rav, At?raw. Modern Atyrau is famous for …

Cities of Kazakhstan - Aktobe

Aktobe

Aktobe (Kazakh: А?т?бе / Aqtöbe / ??????), formerly known as Aktyubinsk (Russian: Актюбинск, until 1999), is a city on the Ilek River in Kazakhstan. With a population of 277,700, it is the capital of Aktobe Province. Aktobe has a mixed ethnic community, including Kazakhs, Russians, Ukrainians, Tatars, Uyghurs, Chechens, Armenians, Jews and Greeks. Before perestroika the city also …

Cities of Kazakhstan - Aktau

Aktau

Aktau has a block address system–the streets of the city have no names, and all addresses in Aktau consist of three numbers: the microdistrict (block) number, the building number and the apartment number. This is because the town was settled first to be the camp of the workers of oil industry from another parts of the country. History The territory of Aktau was once resided by ancient tribes …

Cities of Kazakhstan - Almaty

Almaty

Prehistoric Almaty During 1000–900 BCE in the Bronze Age the first farmers and cattle-breeders established settlements on the territory of Almaty. During the Saka’s period (from 700 BCE to the beginning of the Common Era), these lands were chosen for residence by Saka tribes and later Uisun tribes inhabiting the territory north of the Tian Shan mountain range. The evidences of these times …

Cities of Kazakhstan - Astana

Astana

Akmola was announced the capital of the Republic of Kazakhstan on December 10,1997 by the Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan of October 20,1997 on approval by the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The International presentation of Astana, the new capital of Kazakhstan was held on June 10, 1998. The first ever capital of Kazakhstan since 1920 had been the city of Orenburg …

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