Republic of Tajikistan is situated in the south-east of the Central Asia, between the latitudes 36°40’ to 41°05’ and longitudes 67°31’ to 75°14’. The area of Tajikistan’s territory is 143,100 sq. km, stretching 700 km from west to the east and 350 km from north to the south.
Tajikistan is a country located in Central Asia. It shares borders with Afghanistan, China, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. 93% of the country is covered by mountains, so that only around 7% of the land is arable, and in comparison with other Central Asian republics like Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, Tajikistan has only little natural resources at its disposal.
The country’s borders perimeter total 3,000 km. The territory of the country is divided into 4 administrative regions: Sogd Region, Khatlon Region, Mountain-Badakhshan Autonomous Region and Regions under Republican Administration.
Tajikistan is a mountainous country. Mountains occupy about 93% of the terrain while about half of the territory is situated at an altitude above 3,000 m. The absolute heights vary from 300 to 7,495 masl. Western deserts and semi-deserts of Turan lowland gradually translate to the foothills. To the east, there are the huge mountain ranges of the Tibetan plateau and Tian Shan. Such geographical positioning results in great diversity of natural conditions and environments.
The most revered figures from Tajikistan's Persian past are the 10th century philosopher-scientist Abu Ali ibn Sina, author of two of the most important books in the history of medicine, and the poet Rudaki, court poet in Bukhara in the time of the Samanids. Tajiks also venerate Firdausi, a poet and composer of the Shah-nameh (Book of Kings), the Persian national epic, and Omar Khayyam, of Rubaiyat fame, both born in present-day Iran but at a time when it was in the same empire as Tajikistan.
Additionally, Tajikistan is a country with a highly interesting history and culture, as well as a beautiful nature, which you can discover during your stay in Tajikistan. By looking at Pre-Soviet Tajik history one can draw a picture of all the different cultures and religions which had their effect on the territory of today’s Tajikistan: In the times of the Great Silk Road, cities like Khujand and Panjakent which are now Northern Tajikistan were important centres along the trade route between China and the markets in the south and west. In the fourth century BCE the region which is now Tajikistan was under the rule of the Kushan realm, which had close cultural ties to India and spread Buddhism in the region. Moreover, Persian language and culture as well as the Zoroastrian religion from Iran had their influence on the people of Central Asia.
Most Tajiks are Sunni Muslim but they are not, by and large, militant or particularly strict. Though the harnessing of Islamic sentiment has been a stronger political force in Tajikistan than in other Central Asian republics, the rural, often semi-nomadic lifestyle preferred by most Tajiks is unsuited to central religious authority. Many older Tajik men continue to dress in long quilted jackets, knee-length boots and embroidered caps. Women of all ages favour psychedelically coloured, gold-threaded long dresses with striped trousers underneath and head scarves to match. All these different epochs of Tajik history left their marks on Tajikistan how it is today. By talking to Tajik people and visiting historical places and Museums, you can get to know much more about Tajik history and culture during your stay in Tajikistan.
The state flag of the Republic of Tajikistan represents a right-angled panel consisting from three colored stripes located horizontal: the top stripe - red color and equal to it on width the bottom stripe of green color, the average white stripe, making one and a half width of dense stripes. On a white stripe, at the distance of half of length of a panel from a flagstaff, there is a stylized gold crown and a semicircle from seven stars above it. The attitude of the general width of a flag to length is 1:2. The crown and a star are entered in a rectangle, the sides of which on a vertical make 0,8 and across 1,0 width of a white stripe. Five-pointed stars are entered in a circle with diameter 0,15 and settle down on an arch radius of 0,5 width of a white stripe. There are three colors on a flag of the Republic of Tajikistan: green, red and white. A green stripe are valleys, they are not enough in republic - 7 % of territory. Because the rest of the territory is occupied by mountains. The white stripe is a color of the main richness of republic - cotton and also the color of snow and ice in high mountains. The red color is a color of unification of republic and brotherhood with other nations of the world.
Coat of arm
The crown at the center of the emblem is the same as the Tajik national flag, and refers to the Persian word taj, meaning crown, from which the name of the Tajik people is said to be derived, according to one interpretation. The base of the emblem contains a representation of a book and the Pamir Mountains. The emblem is flanked by cotton on one side and wheat on the other, as well a banner of the national red-white-green colors of Tajikistan is wrapped around the cotton and wheat.