Shoshtepa archeological monument

The archeological monument of Shoshtepa. The existing records say that the start of early settlement life in Tashkent came about in the first one thousand years BC. Two and half thousand years ago, the part of the sac tribes or Turkish people lived in the territory of our republic. Some people from these tribes had a metropolitan life here and they founded some settlements. The relics of Shoshtepa settlement now preserved in north-west Tashkent (In Shoshtepa street of Sergeli district), along the river. Shoshtepa had the farming area with a very simple irrigation system; people living here were busy with sheep farming too. They made working tools and hunting equipment from bronze and metal. They also worked with ceramics, weaving, stone cutting and other crafts. Certainly it is possible to call this process the start and development of urbanization. At this period the urban culture called Yuni formed in Shosh valley. The land of Yuni united the area stretching from Oloy to Ferghana.

As for the evidence of archeological excavations, the construction styles of Shoshtepa became the early town building skills of the future territory of Tashkent in III-II century BC.

The archeological discoveries of foreign origin from excavations held in Shoshtepa testify that, the inhabitants of Shoshtepa had trade-economic and cultural relations with countries of the Great Silk Road. Among the discoveries were an engraving stick made of ivory, rhino horn with the engraving of a Parthian emperor and a piece of horn used for religious ceremonies. First in the archeological site the proletarian archeologists, then such a prominent scientists-archeologists as N.P. Ostroumov in 1896, G.V.Grigoriyev in 1934, N.I.Krasheninnikov in 1956, and Dadaboyev in 1070 conducted research-observing works.

Starting from 1978 investigation and excavation works by the staff of Tashkent archeological expedition M.I.Filanovich, and V.I.Sprishevskiy were arranged.

According to the results of investigations, Shoshtepa was the oldest settlement, which formulated the town culture in Tashkent’s territory, in II-I centuries BC on the basis of this village, the first town like settlement appeared, then urbanized.

In AD periods, the Tashkent basin was irrigated by the Salor and Qorasuv rivers and on their banks, a new township with strong fortified and arched wall arose.

The III-VI centuries AD were the second period in Tashkent’s rebirth, and in VII-VIII centuries AD on the eve of Arabic annexure it was well developed: after the Arabic invasion the town was left in ruins. In XI-XII centuries the life in Tashkent was somewhat restored but again in XVI c. the town became depressed. The research of this monument gave opportunity to learn about the town culture.

During independence years the areas around the monument were improved, it was surrounded with metal fencing.