Pakhlavan Mahmud Mausoleum (14th-16th c.)

Built in honor of the famous Khiva poet and undefeated professional wrestler, the city’s pir (patron saint) and healer Pahlavan Makhmud. Originaly the mausoleum was modest, but it rapidly grew into a pilgrim site with a great number of hujras, khanaka and mosques. In 17th century, an entrance portal to the mausoleum was built on the south side. In 1719, Sherghazi Khan, when building a new madrasah south of the cemetery, oriented it strictly towards PaKlavan Mahmud Mausoleum. In 1810, after a successful raid to Kungrad, Muhammad Rahimkhan I decided to alter the ensemble drastically. The annex to the Mausoleum was planned as a grand family burial vault for kungrads.

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