Archeological site of Mingurik

This monument dating back I-XIII centuries, situated on the bank of the Salor river, just in the center of Tashkent, near the north railway terminal of the city. The ruins of Mingurik had remained uncovered for many centuries. During the diggings the face of old city was exposed again and it became the principal monument of the Tashkent of the middle centuries. It is popularly known as “Afrosiyab hills”, among the local people and in ancient times it was the capital of Shosh. The reason for the remains of this city being called Mingurik is this site was near to apricot gardens created in 1830 years by Kokand khanate. The site of the remains of the city and surroundings before 1830 were the beautiful mavzes of Sheykhantahur daha (Mavze’s name was Mingurik). The public holidays, city fairs, especially Navruz (New Year) festivals were colorfully spent here. In the 70s of the XVIII century the rapid development of the city resulted in the destruction of archeological relief and cultural layers of the monument. Only a part of it was preserved. The site was partially investigated by amateur archeologists first in 1896,then in 1912. In 1920 Ye. M. Masson, having looked at the discoveries from the site, drew the conclusion that it could have belonged to the residence of Turkic khans of the Chach state. Records indicate that a luxurious palace had once stood here. During the excavations of Mingurik a brick walled fortress dating back to the I century AD was uncovered. Inside the walls they found the metallic heads of spears and fragments of ceramic dishes. These discoveries confirm that in VII-VIII cc it was flourishing time for this city. All architectural styles, luxurious inner wall frescoes and the use of ornaments, house tools indicate that Shosh had developed according to the Sogdian culture as a center of craft, trade and education and some items of foreign origin found here indicated that the city had been a connecting point between the Greek-Roman world with Far East and China.