Sights of Khiva


Sights of Khiva - Kunya Ark (17th-19th c.)

Kunya Ark (17th-19th c.)

The old fortress is adjoins the western side of Ichan-Kala city walls with hermit Ak-shikh-bobo cell in one of its sections. Ichan-Kala barrow got its name in the 30’s of the 19th century after the construction of the “new palace” Tash Khauli. Construction of Kunya Ark was initiated in 1686-1688 by Anushakhan’s son Aranghkhan. By the end of the 18th century Kunya Ark became …

Sights of Khiva - Pakhlavan Mahmud Mausoleum (14th-16th c.)

Pakhlavan Mahmud Mausoleum (14th-16th c.)

Built in honor of the famous Khiva poet and undefeated professional wrestler, the city’s pir (patron saint) and healer Pahlavan Makhmud. Originaly the mausoleum was modest, but it rapidly grew into a pilgrim site with a great number of hujras, khanaka and mosques. In 17th century, an entrance portal to the mausoleum was built on the south side. In 1719, Sherghazi Khan, when building a new madrasah …

Sights of Khiva - Sayyid Alovaddin Mausoleum (1303)

Sayyid Alovaddin Mausoleum (1303)

The crypt is adjoining the eastern walls of Matniyaz Devan-begi Madrasah, it was built in honor of the great Sufi sheikh died in 1303. A burial vault with a dome and unique majolica headstone was erected in the first half of the 14th century and later in the 17th century a ziarat khana hall with a portal entrance facing the opposite direction was added. The architecture of these rooms has been influenced …

Sights of Khiva - Kalta Minaret (1855)

Kalta Minaret (1855)

Minaret Kaltar minar (short) was conceived as the largest in the whole Muslim East (diameter of bottom - 14.2m.). But the building was halted at a height of 29m. The construction was not finished because of the Khan’s death in 1855. The minaret was to become so tall that “one could see Bukhara from it.” The minaret diameter rapidly reduces with height which makes it ever steadier; …

Sights of Khiva - Muhammad Rakhimkhan II (1871)

Muhammad Rakhimkhan II (1871)

The Madrasah is located to the east of Kunya Ark Citadel. The madrasah was ordered by Sayyid Muhammad Rahim Bakhadur Khan . Construction of a large madrasah with 76 hujras was a logical continuation of Muhammad Rahimkhan’s educational activities. The Madrasah consists of two yards with one-storey hujra cells in the inner yard. Further in the yard is a two-storey building with a high portal of …

Sights of Khiva - Muhammad Amin Khan Madrasah (1855)

Muhammad Amin Khan Madrasah (1855)

Muhammad Amin Khan Madrasah is located in the western part of Ichan-Kala. Muhammad Amin-Khan Madrasah is the largest two-storey madrasah not only in Khiva but also in comparison to other buildings in the Middle Asia. In addition to being an important spiritual school was possessing substantial vaquf property and income, it also housed the registry office of the Highest Muslim Court. The architecture …

Sights of Khiva - The Walls of Ichan- Kala

The Walls of Ichan- Kala

The municipal walls are a rare example of medieval fortifications that lasted till the present; they also give the city the air of majesty. The city of Khiva was bordered by two walls - Ichan-Kala and Dishan-Kala, which makes it different from other places. Ichan-Kala foundation was built between 5th and 4th century BC rising over the level of Dishan-Kala, probably due to the natural relief (according …

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